Stylophorum diphyllum (Celandine Poppy) - Quart Super Plugs

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Celandine Poppy, also called Wood Poppy, is a common and beautiful component of forests in the Central Hardwoods ecoregion, which Indiana lies in the heart of.  Blooming in April to May along with the flush of incredibly beautiful Spring Ephemerals, Celandine poppy persists through the summer and makes a good groundcover in moist woodlands.

Celandine poppy grows 1 to 2 feet tall, depending on moisture availability and soil fertility, with a spread of around 1 foot.  The flowers are bright yellow, and combine well with blue-flowered woodlanders such as Woodland Phlox and Virginia Bluebells.  Throw in white from Foamflower or White Trilliums, and you've got a lovely native woodland for spring!


Celandine poppy is very useful for the native shade garden - Plants are mildly toxic and bitter-tasting, so they tend to discourage rabbit and deer browse.  Celandine poppy grows as a clump, but it is a very prolific self-seeder - A useful feature in a minimal-maintenance native landscape.

Celandine poppy offers early-season pollen for pollinators such as native bees.  The seed pods contain curious-looking seeds with a fleshy elaiosome, a fat-rich structure that ants find attractive.  Ants take the seeds back to their nests, eat the elaiosome and discard the seeds, which then sprout to form new colonies.  Many native woodland plants have similar seeds.

How to Grow Celandine Poppy

Celandine poppy is very easy to grow - Just give it a moist location under deciduous shade, and it will delight you with bright, sunny yellow blooms in the Spring.  In a more cultivated garden setting, Celandine poppy will often put out sporadic blooms all summer.  Avoid dry areas, as extended dry periods will make Celandine Poppy go dormant.

We provide Celandine Poppy in our signature Quart SuperPlugs, a fabric container that promotes dense root systems and vigorous plants.  Space 12 inches apart, and plant at least 5 plants for best effect.  Celandine poppy readily self-sows, especially in cultivated gardens, but it is very easy to pull up or move seedlings when they first appear in the Spring.

Common Name: Celandine Poppy
Botanical Name: Stylophorum diphyllum